Dental Health Resources
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Dental Health GlossaryAbrasion
Abrasion is the pathological wearing away of tooth substance by mechanical means; grinding.
Abscess is a collection of pus formed by tissue destruction in an inflamed area of a localized infection.
Abutment is a natural tooth or implanted tooth substitute used to support or anchor a dental prosthesis.
Alveolar process is the ridge on the surfaces of the upper and lower jaws containing the tooth sockets.
Amalgam is any of various alloys of mercury with other metals, as with tin or silver, used for filling teeth.
Analgesia is a deadening or absence of the sense of pain without loss of consciousness.
Anesthesia is a local or general insensibility to pain with or without the loss of consciousness, induced by an anesthetic.
Anterior teeth are the six upper and lower front teeth.
Antibiotic is a substance, such as penicillin or streptomycin, produced by or derived from certain fungi, bacteria, and other organisms, that can destroy or inhibit the growth of other microorganisms.
Aspirator is an apparatus for removing fluid from a body cavity, consisting usually of a hollow needle and a cannula, connected by tubing to a container in which a vacuum is created by a syringe or a suction pump.
Bleaching is the act or process of whitening, by removing color or stains.
Bonding is a technique for repairing a tooth; resinous material is applied to the surface of the tooth where it adheres to the tooth's enamel.
Bruxism is the habitual involuntary grinding or clenching of the teeth, usually during sleep, as from anger, tension, fear, or frustration.
Bridge is a fixed or removable replacement for one or several but not all of the natural teeth, usually anchored at each end to a natural tooth.
Calculus is dental tartar.
Cap is a synonym for "crown".
Caries is the decay of a bone or tooth, especially dental caries.
Cavities are a pitted area in a tooth caused by caries.
Crown is an artificial substitute for the natural crown of a tooth.
Deciduous teeth Fall off or shed at a specific stage of growth, as teeth of the first dentition.
Dentures are a partial or complete set of artificial teeth for either the upper or lower jaw. Also called dental plate.
Diastema is a gap or space between two adjacent teeth in the same dental arch.
Enamel is the hard, white substance that covers the crown of a tooth.
Endodontist is a dentist who specializes in the treatment of diseases and injuries that affect the tooth root, dental pulp, and the tissues surrounding the tooth root.
Eruption is the emergence of a tooth through the gums.
Extraction is the removal by withdrawing or pulling out of a tooth from its socket.
Fluoride is a chemical used to prevent tooth decay
Fillings are materials, such as amalgam, gold, or a synthetic resin, used to fill a cavity in a tooth.
General anesthesia causes the loss of the ability to perceive pain associated with loss of consciousness, produced by anesthetic agents.
Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums, characterized by redness and swelling.
Halimeters test for levels of sulfur emissions (specifically, hydrogen sulfide) in the mouth air.
Halitosis is the condition of having foul-smelling breath. Also called fetor ex ore.
Heat sterilization is an act of destroying all forms of life on and in bacteriological media, foods, hospital supplies, and other materials by means of moist or dry heat.
Hygienist is a person trained and licensed to provide preventive dental services, such as cleaning the teeth, usually in conjunction with a dentist.
Impacted teeth are placed in the alveolus in a manner prohibiting eruption into a normal position.
Implants are artificial teeth that is anchored in the gums or jawbone to replace a missing tooth.
Inlays are solid fillings, as of gold or porcelain, fitted to a cavity in a tooth and cemented into place.
Local anesthesia is a regional anesthesia produced by direct infiltration of local anesthetic solution into the surgical site. Also called infiltration anesthesia.
Molars are the teeth with broad surfaces at the back of the mouth that serve to grind food. Including the wisdom teeth, adults have twelve molars — six on the top and six on the bottom.
Nitrous oxide is a colorless sweet-tasting gas used as a mild anesthetic in dentistry and surgery.
An onlay is a cast restoration, usually made of gold, that is attached to the occlusal surface of a tooth.
Oral surgery is the branch of dentistry concerned with the surgical and adjunctive treatment of diseases, injuries, and deformities of the oral and maxillofacial region.
Orthodontics is the dental specialty and practice of preventing and correcting irregularities of the teeth, as by the use of braces. Also called orthodontia.
An orthodontist a person who specializes in orthodontics.
The palate is the bony and muscular partition between the oral and nasal cavities; the roof of the mouth.
Partial dentures are removable or fixed dental prosthesis that restores one or more, but less than all, of the natural teeth or associated parts and is supported by the teeth or the soft tissue. Also called bridgework.
Pediatric dentistry is the dental specialty which focuses on the treatment of children.
Plaque is a film of mucus and bacteria on a tooth surface. Also called bacterial plaque.
Prophylaxis is the prevention of or protective treatment for disease.
Prosthodontics is the branch of dentistry that deals with the replacement of missing teeth and related mouth or jaw structures by artificial devices.
A retainer is an appliance used to hold teeth in position after orthodontic treatment.
A root canal is the chamber of the dental pulp lying within the root portion of a tooth. Also called pulp canal.
Root resection is the surgical removal of a dental root apex. Also called root resection.
Sleep apnea is apnea caused by upper airway obstruction during sleep, associated with frequent awakening and often with daytime sleepiness.
Tartar is the calcareous deposits of organic and mineral matter on the teeth.
Ultrasonic cleaning is a method used to clean debris and swarf from surfaces by immersion in a solvent in which ultrasonic vibrations are excited.
Veneers are a layer of tooth-colored material, usually porcelain or acrylic resin, attached to and covering the surface of a metal crown or natural tooth structure.
Wisdom teeth are the third molar tooth on both sides of each jaw that erupts from the 17th to the 23rd year.
Dental SocietiesUnited States
ADA - American Dental Association
ALDA - Alabama Dental Association
ADS - Alaska Dental Society
AZDA - Arizona Dental Association
ASDA - Arkansas State Dental Association
CDA - California Dental Association
CDA - Colorado Dental Association
CSDA - Connecticut State Dental Association
DSDS - Delaware State Dental Society
District of Columbia
DCDS - District of Columbia Dental Society
FDA - Florida Dental Association
GDA - Georgia Dental Association
HDA - Hawaii Dental Association
ISDS - Illinois State Dental Society
IDA - Indiana Dental Association
IDA - Iowa Dental Association
KDA - Kansas Dental Association
KYDA - Kentucky Dental Association
LDA - Louisiana Dental Association
MDA - Maine Dental Association
MSDA - Maryland State Dental Association
MDS - Massachusetts Dental Society
MDA - Michigan Dental Association
MDA - Minnesota Dental Association
MDA - Mississippi Dental Association
MDA - Missouri Dental Association
MDA - Montana Dental Association
NDA - Nebraska Dental Association
NDA - Nevada Dental Association
NHDA - New Hampshire Dental Society
NJDA - New Jersey Dental Association
NMDA - New Mexico Dental Association
NYSDA - New York State Dental Association
NCDS - North Carolina Dental Society
NDDA - North Dakota Dental Association
ODA - Ohio Dental Association
ODA - Oklahoma Dental Association
ODA - Oregon Dental Association
RIDA - Rhode Island Dental Association
SCDA - South Carolina Dental Association
SDDA - South Dakota Dental Association
TDA - Tennessee Dental Association
TDA - Texas Dental Association
UDA - Utah Dental Association
VSDS - Vermont State Dental Society
VDA - Virginia Dental Association
WSDA - Washington State Dental Association
WVDA - West Virginia Dental Association
WDA - Wisconsin Dental Association
WyDA - Wyoming Dental Association
CDA - Canadian Dental Association
ADA&C - Alberta Dental Association & College
BCDA - British Columbia Dental Association
MDA - Manitoba Dental Association
NBDS - New Brunswick Dental Society
Newfoundland and Labrador
Newfoundland and Labrador Dental Association
Northwest Territories & Nunavut Dental Association
NSDA - Nova Scotia Dental Association
Northwest Territories & Nunavut Dental Association
ODA - Ontario Dental Association
Prince Edward Island
DAPEI - Dental Association of Prince Edward Island
ACDQ - Association des Chirurgiens Dentistes du Quebec
CDSSK - College of Dental Surgeons of Saskatchewan
Yukon Dental Association
The American Heritage Stedman's Medical Dictionary. Houghton Mifflin Company, 2002.
WordNet 1.7.1. Princeton University, 2001.
Gale Encyclopedia of Cancer. The Gale Group, Inc, 2002.
McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science and Technology. The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 2005.